Many have been charged with “spreading false news” or “misusing social media” under a sweeping counter terror law that expanded the definition of terror to include all kinds of dissent.
The Egyptian authorities have previously denied rights violations and justified arrests on national security grounds.
Since President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi came to power in 2013, most of the country’s media outlets, including TV and newspapers, have taken the government position and avoided criticism.
Many privately owned media operations have been acquired by companies linked to Egypt’s intelligence service.
However, even those working for pro-government news operations have not escaped the crackdown, said Amnesty.